A number of gaps had been seen in scholarship within the fields pertaining to the inquiry of 'ancient Æthiopia' or 'historical Æthiopia'. And it was expressed by a number of scholars that close attention needed to be focused on these imperfections; views were thus disclosed on the historical and literary issues involved. It was thus agreed that something must be done, then after some time, the concept of a specific Organisation or Society to forward, promote and critically investigate all such issues ought to be established. It would therefore at the same time, be a platform to launch the vital historical research already underway by numerous contemporary indigenous scholars, as well as the work of native scholars of yesteryear; this coupled with, that is, scholars of all disciplines and backgrounds. Thus was established such an Association, and as a founding member had already for quite a number of years promoted at lectures in Æthiopia the concept of and term 'Æthiopiology', hence, the birth of ÆTHIOPIOLOGICAL SOCIETY (ÆTHIOP-SOC); also now known as the ÆTHIOPIAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY (ÆHS).



ÆTHIOP SOC has an active research strategy, the tenets of which are however subordinate to Æthiopiology (or The Science of Æthiopia).

Although all aspects of the study of Æthiopia are within scope, ÆTHIOP SOC has a keen focus towards the study of ancient (ውጥንታዊ) and classical Æthiopia (early and late antiquity), in addition to the medieval (ማእላዊ፡ዘመን) periods. Furthermore, the nation spoken of is otherwise known by the appellations Cush and Abyssinia respectively (see heading below: Geographic Sphere). And our core interests encompass a period from the dawn of history, or civilization, unto the 13th century Anno Domini (see heading below: Æthiopiology).

The central items of interest are vast, and cover:

People & Place Names; Kingship & Government; Palaces & Castles; Monuments & Their Inscriptions; Tombs & Mausoleums; Temples &/or Churches; Architecture & Materials; Fabric & Attire; Flora & Fauna; Craft & Iconography; Chronicles, Manuscripts & Codices; Languages & Scripts. (see heading below: Research Projects )

Similarly ÆTHIOP SOC: ACMÆH excludes no valid methodology or points of investigative inquiry, and rightly has a policy of leaving no stone unearthed, when it comes to the realities of Æthiopian historicity. Priority is also fairly given to all primary, as well as secondary sources, to both internal and external material, early or late.


In line with the above, geography principally is one of the most pressing current issues in relation to the study of Æthiopia, and this has had a major role in the formation of ÆTHIOP SOC. Understanding geographic Æthiopia in ancient, classical, medieval and even present times is the substratum which holds the key to our contextual understanding of the Æthiopian civilization, early and late. And this issue therefore needs to be addressed, and we aim to redress the imbalances within the Æthiopian geographical sphere.

Additionally, the historic Æthiopian sovereign boundaries from indigenous accounts and historians &c. are internally and essentially given 'from the Borders of Upper Ægypt unto Madagascar (or southern most Africa); from north to south. Moreover at different eras the external lands of 'Ægypt (primarily Upper Egypt), South Arabia and Canaan (or Israel), as history dictates, were at times also under her sovereignty* and jurisdiction. Furthermore Ancient Greece has much in association with Æthiopia, while Assyria seems her principal foe; hence, an unfolding image emerges of an Æthiopia of Ancient and Classical times on par with any other, and begs an investigation that exceeds the above cited points.

*[As was the case with many nations, Aethiopia governed and ruled many of the surrounding lands throughout history, and in various times, although she herself was never subject to foreign rule.]


ÆTHIOP SOC is established owing to several raison d'être:-

• To further reveal, establish and protect Æthiopia’s vital place in Ancient and Classical history, in addition to the Medieval and later periods.
• To promote greater accuracy, depth and perspective in the documentation, usage and governance of historical material pertaining to Æthiopia; critically within the aforesaid periods.
• To provide a platform for both Æthiopian and non-Æthiopian scholars to contribute to the development of a greater understanding and appreciation of the cultural and historical legacy of Æthiopian civilization; in both former and later times.



Æthiopia n. (ኢትዮጵያ/’Aityûp-yâ): Lit. It is a patronymic designation, derived from Æthiopis I (ኢትዮጲስ), a ruler of the early second millennium B.C. (c.1856 - 1800 B.C.) - geographically, ethnologically and historically it is a synonymous term for Kush (Cush) & Habasha (Abyssinia).

Æthiopiology n. (ኢትዮጵዮሎጊያ/’Aityûp-yûlû-giyâ; Æng. Abbr. Æthiopology): Lit. The science of Æthiopia - it is the study which investigate's Æthiopia from its remotest past, via all the learned avenues. It is a contemporary term thoughtfully coined by the ÆTHIOPIOLOGICAL SOCIETY (it is a designated word that had been mildly used in the academic and non-academic world for a number of years).

Æthiopiological adj. (ኢትዮጵዮሎግና/’Aityûp-yûlû-gǝnâ; or ኢትዮጵዮሎጊና): Lit. Of or pertaining to the science of Æthiopia or Æthiopiology - It is a derivative of Æthiopiology.



There are on the whole thirteen periodic dynasties within Æthiopian history (cf. 'The Real Abyssinia' (pp.267 - 281. 2nd Edit.) - C.F. Rey (1935 E.C.)), these perhaps can fit into eight Periods (cf. የኢትዮጵያ፡ታሪክ/Ya-’Aityûṗyâ:Târik (cap.i.) - Fr. Gâŝpârini G/Mâryâm): starting with the first recorded dynastic Æthiopian ruler (in c.4470 B.C.; cf. ዋዜማ/Wâzîmâ (cap.i.) - Ḫǝruy:Walda:Śǝlâŝî (1921 E.C.) ). Moreover the historicity of Æthiopian chronology, genealogy and dating appears to be abundantly attested both within Æthiopia and externally from the earliest times; but many are unaware of Æthiopian history on the one hand and its attestation on the other.

The Importance of kingship (monarchy) within Æthiopiological studies is that it gives a framework much the same as other national studies (e.g. Ægyptology, & Studies in ancient China), which formulate periods (from dynasties), within which all the knowledge of the country is categorized to each epoch.



ÆTHIOPIOLOGY (ኢትዮጵዮሎጊያ) - An all encompassing field of sciences: pertaining to the ages and of disciplines

Æthiopia has an Ancient history which had led unto Classical times and beyond, and which is connected principally with Ægypt, Greece and that of the Hebrew people, as well as of other nations and peoples. Of the first (Ægypt), the historic connections have been set aside, the second is studied only in a linguistic capacity; which even so is limited and attributed to late influence or usage. The latter (third) is acknowledged, but limited to certain sparse select specialists, or again attributed merely to a late period.

Geographically the Æthiopia of the indigenous Æthiopian historiographers and geographers state that at the height of its kingdom, (and of that which needs further exploration) her territory extended from the boarders of Upper Ægypt (in the north) unto Madagascar (in the south) & beyond.

Further still, at present and for a considerable period of time, focus on Æthiopia has been primarily limited within acute parameters, viz., from the Late Medieval Period unto the Contemporary Era. Rarely is anything substantial said concerning the history of Æthiopia that antedates this afore said epoch; through the typical medium. However, we are aware that both indigenous and external* sources indicate a richness pertaining to Æthiopian culture, language and history in the ancient and classical times that ought not to be overlooked, and which deserves full recognition. But as it appears that few are bridging this seemingly great chasm (of Æthiopian geography and antiquity), there is a very strong need, and we are obliged to redress this imbalance. Moreover a new discipline in relation to 'Æthiopia' is not deemed necessary, but rather a keen focus on what indigenously has long been grasped. Therefore it seems only right the 'genre' or Ancient and Classical Period receives due attention, and that importantly it be properly categorized and ordered within the historical Æthiopian context. However as the former Periods in question have been little advanced, along with that of the Early Medieval, we have accorded this timely and inclusive approach to the science of Æthiopia, with the term Æthiopiology.

This all encompassing science ought then to be dedicated to the study of the legacy and legitimacy of Æthiopia through the ages and from the earliest times, utilizing all the relevant and trustworthy disciplines open and available.

*[European scholars from the dawn of (recorded) civilization, up to or before the Late Middles-Ages (15th [- 16th] century) highly respected Æthiopia to the utmost degree, this for her placid yet valiant nature encapsulated on the pages of history. ]


ÆTHIOPIOLOGICAL SOCIETY (ኢትዮጵ ማኅበር)© We look only to seek that which hath been lost, the Past a reason for the Future. ኢትዮጵዮሎግና ፡ማኅበር (ÆTHIOP SOC)© is ethical.





Resent archæological and geographical finds, besides artifacts, literature &c. have all been recently discovered and brought to light, in, and on, Æthiopia of late, in cooperation with ÆTHIOP SOC, hence much is to be done and must be developed within our understanding of the complexities of the Æthiopian civilization.


Examples of these important findings are:

(አ)   An unknown royal city
(በ)   Royal palace of the 1st century
  (ገ)   Christian Church of the 1st century
  (ደ)   Very important and early complete artifacts
   (ሀ)   Early manuscripts & literature of early antiquity
    on Æthiopian language, culture, religion, government and society...

The results of these findings and the important details of them and more, will be presented in papers at established academic and international Conferences, and in recognized accredited Journals; as well as in ÆTHIOP SOC Publications (books), forthcoming literature and academic endeavours.

ÆTHIOP SOC: of ancient, classical and medieval history anticipates contributing much to our understanding of historical Æthiopia.


Scholars associated with ÆTHIOP SOC will also contribute both to our general further understanding of Æthiopia, but also are free to research in their prospective fields according to there own consciences with impunity, and most are of no doubt affiliated to other academic institutions, universities, as well as seminaries and associations. ÆTHIOP SOC therefore is a purely scientific union and society, or scholastic family.


As indicated above (On Going Research), ÆTHIOP SOC: ACMÆH, is at the forefront of some of the most important discoveries that certainly will change our perspective on the history of Æthiopia for the first four centuries of the Christian or Common Era. These will also have a dramatic impact on our take and knowledge of Pre-Christian Æthiopia, that is, before the Common Era. This archeaology and research spoken of, is pointed at in the examples above in 'On Going Research'


AETHIOP SOC also has a Manuscript Digitization Program to preserve firstly the Earliest Æthiopic Manuscripts, Illuminated and otherwise, for posterity and for research purposes.



Donations are welcomed: AETHIOP SOC has started a Manuscript Digitization Program to preserve 'Early' Æthiopic Manuscripts, Illuminated and otherwise, for posterity and for research purposes, if you identify with our vision and aims, and are able to, donate to this cause (and future like projects). Please do donate however great or small, for as other organisations need funding for their vital work, so it is with us no less.

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